The Amazonian flora is invaluable to humanity, so that the balance of the forest is directly linked to the maintenance of biodiversity.
Considered the largest tropical forest in the world, the Amazon Forest is full of diverse species, and many of them are unique to this biome.
The importance of flora
Taking care of the Amazonian flora is an act of extreme and fundamental importance, because its conservation is a premise to face climate change and also serves to contain the loss of biodiversity.
When this type of area is preserved, the forest acts as a factor in combating the advance of a catastrophic climate crisis. On the contrary, when the area suffers from deforestation and burning, they end up contributing negatively to the problem.
The emission of greenhouse gases, previously retained, now causes a major problem only to grow.
Types of vegetation
The Amazon rainforest is a dense tropical forest, divided in three, they are: the floodplain forest, the igapó forest and the dryland forest.
The floodplain forest is located in low areas and suffers flooding according to the flooding of the rivers. The soils of the floodplain are extremely fertile, precisely because of the sediments deposited by the waters of the rivers. Andiroba, jatobá and seringueira are some of the species of the floodplain.
The forest of the igapó is in lower areas and, unlike the forest of várzea, which suffers flooding periodically, the igapó suffers permanent flooding. The plants present different strategies and adaptations. Examples of species in the igapó are the buritis, bromeliads, orchids and the famous vitoria regia.
Finally, the terra firme forest is found in most of the Amazon forest and does not suffer flooding because it is located in higher areas. The vegetation is formed of species of larger size, like the chestnut tree.
Besides storing carbon, the forests regulate the climate. The forests are home to much of the planet’s biodiversity, many of which are still unknown to science.
We, as a society, must rethink the malefic attitudes that we cause to nature and pay attention to the search for quick solutions for the recovery of the biodiversity loss, before it is too late.
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