The Amazonian fauna is one of the richest, most beautiful and unknown in the world. The Amazon, despite being intensely deforested, is still one of the most preserved biomes in existence.
Taking into account the enormous size of the Amazon rainforest, knowing all the species of animals is not something so simple. The Amazon is the Brazilian biome with the greatest wealth of fauna species, sheltering more than 73% of the mammal species and 80% of the birds in the national territory.
There are about thirty million animal species, not counting those not yet catalogued. There is no exact definition of the number of animals, since the biome extends over several countries.
The Amazon River is the largest river in water volume in the world. Nothing fairer than that it also had the largest number of species on the planet. Tucunarés, piranhas and tambaquis are just a few, from an estimate of three thousand.
Just to highlight some of the most impressive: pirarucu is one of the largest freshwater fish in the world, weighing up to 200kg and 3m in size. Its meat is very appreciated by riverine populations for being soft and without thorns.
The number of birds catalogued in the Amazon already reaches 1,300 species. Besides toucans, macaws, owls, herons and hawks, the region has names that cause frisson among bird photography lovers.
Some of the most beautiful are: the rooster of the mountain, with its orange half-moon-shaped ridge, the Amazonian seven-colored, with its vibrant greens and blues, and the harpy, with its inquisitorial look of a bird of prey.
It is estimated that there are more than 420 species of mammals in the Amazon. In addition, records indicate the discovery of 20 new species between 2014 and 2015. Among them, one gains greater prominence, as it is larger, a new river dolphin (Inia araguaiaensis), with a more restricted population and probably few individuals.
In addition, the jaguar also stands out with one of the animals symbols of Amazonian fauna.
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